The Domain Name System (DNS) is an essential part of the Internet, without which our daily activities on the Web would not be possible. It allows us to access websites using easy-to-remember domain names, instead of having to remember the complex IP addresses that are actually the identifying numbers.
How does the Domain Name System work?
The Domain Name System is essentially a gigantic database that contains the mapping of domains to their corresponding IP addresses. When you type a website into your web browser, your computer sends a request to this URL to the DNS server.
The DNS server consists of several types of servers that all work together to provide efficient and accurate resolution. The main components of DNS are:
- Resolver: the upstream DNS server provided by your Internet service provider (ISP) that answers DNS queries for you.
- Root Server: these servers are at the top of the DNS hierarchy and contain specific information about TLDs (Top Level Domains) such as .com, .org, .de, etc.
- Top level Domain server: this server defends the responsibility for the respective top level domains like .com, .org, .de etc.
- Authoritative Nameserver: The Authoritative Nameserver pull the information from their DNS zones, which are responsible for specific domains such as.de.
The DNS resolver first checks its cache to determine if it already has the response to the query in memory. If not, it sends the query on to a root server. It then gets further information from the root servers in order to send the next Nameserver to find the right person for the corresponding TLD (such as .com or .de) is responsible.
Subsequently, the forwarding takes place up to the Authoritative Nameserverwhich then returns the correct IP address for the requested domain. The resolver stores the IP address in its cache for a certain time in order to provide the answer faster for future DNS requests.
Why is the Domain Name System important?
The Domain Name System is crucial because it allows users to access websites effortlessly without having to remember IP addresses. Imagine if you had to remember the exact IP address of every website you want to access - that would be quite a difficult task!
In addition, the DNS enables the functioning of several services on the Internet, such as e-mail. The DNS helps identify the correct mail server based on the email domain and also helps fight spam and phishing, since it can verify information about the sender of the email.
Another important aspect of the Domain Name System is the possibility of DNS restriction control. This means that website operators can restrict access to their content based on the user's location. This allows personalized content based on geographic or related criteria.
The Domain Name System is an important technological component of the Internet that is essential for easy use of websites. It allows us to use web addresses instead of complex IP addresses and make content and services more accessible. Although the DNS seems complex, it is basically a system of servers that communicate with each other and exchange information to make our access to the Internet work.« Back to Glossary Index